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Cyprus Anvil Mine in Faro, YT

File contains set of images taken in Faro, Y.T. Annotation on photo envelope reads: “Visit to / CYPRUS ANVIL / FARO Y.T. / SEPT 1975 / BY DALE CARIN / R. WILSON.” Images depict the pit mine operated by Cyprus Anvil Corporation, including a grader, ore hauling truck (likely a Wabco), an explosives transport truck, and unidentified equipment including an electrical utility box and some type of rotating wheel in the mill building.

Manager's Photos - Truck Dump & Power House

Photograph depicts men building truck dump in foreground, building believed to be power house in background. Corresponding note on accompanying photo description page: "Pictures taken June 11th: (3) Framing water tank tower. Water well in foreground and tower timbers and oil tanks in background. Looking east." [Note believed to be incorrect.]

Manager's Photos - Diesel Engine Foundations

Photograph depicts 8 men and possibly 1 woman working in construction area, mountains in background. Corresponding note on accompanying photo description page: "2. Pouring concrete for second Ruston diesel engine. In foreground is the first diesel foundation stripped of concrete form ready for engine. Looking west."

Manager's Photos - Mill Walls

Photograph depicts 4 men working on early stages of mill construction, mountains in background. Corresponding note on accompanying photo description page: "9. Erecting wall posts on mill foundations. Looking west."

Manager's Photos - Men at Office

Photograph depicts four men in business attire (two wearing ties) in doorway of log office building. Pile of snow in foreground on right. Corresponding note on accompanying photo description page: "6. In front of office; L. to R. Duncan, Hood, Ward, Jenkyns." It is believed that these men may be staff members.

Manager's Photos -Service Garage Close to Completion

Photograph depicts scaffolding around garage, trees and mountainside in background. Men, steel drums and smaller white buildings can be seen around base of garage. Snow and dirt piles in mid ground, dog and steel drum in foreground. Corresponding note on accompanying photo description page: "8. Service garage nearly completed. Wide doors for taking bulldozers, and high enough to clear a van truck."

Manager's Photos - Pouring Concrete at Mill

Photograph depicts group of men working in dirt area, snow and trees in background. Corresponding note on accompanying photo description page: "10. Pouring concrete at mill. Steamer for heating water in foreground, concrete mixer in background." Concrete mixer is behind four steel drums.

McDame Project - construction progress reports

This file includes two major photographic collections concerning the construction and development of the underground mine at Cassiar, title the McDame Project.

The first collection includes fifteen monthly progress reports documenting the development from July 1988 to December 1989. The progress reports are authored by G. Verret, and were distributed to the executives of Cassiar Asbestos in Vancouver as well officials of the B.C. Government and other creditors of the Corporation. Most images are annotated and dated. Many of the loose photographs are accompanied by an inventory sheet.

Subjects depicted include: the staging area prior to mine development, the initial development of the “Vent Portal”, a jumbo drill working on the mine face, the working face marked for drilling and wired with fuses, a Caterpillar dozer clearing snow after an avalanche, scene of a fire in winter time, complete conveyor sump decline, mining vehicle parked on the “Lay-Down Area” presumably near the portal, the working face of the mine at various stages of development, 1563 portal being slashed, the removal of the overburden for the tramline loading station site, the construction of the transfer tower(s), construction of the stockpile area, the construction of a sedimentation pond, a presumed cave in, construction of footings for the conveyor, construction of the tramline loading terminal station, construction of the crusher building, a slash titled “Breakthrough in Access Ramp”, storage of powder and fuses, a washout in conveyor decline, fog at the portal in -30 degrees Celsius, the 1290 junction flooded, a slab of shotcrete which fell on and injured a miner while shotcreting, shotcrete blasted off walls for repairs, images of the “Hilti-test”, shots showing grade of drift, and structural failures in the 1350 adit.

Locations and structure within the underground mine depicted include: yellow ventilation ducting, ground support including steel screen and shotcrete, steel cables bolted unto ground support, puddles in the adits, the access road to the lay-down area, the exhaust drift, “Fans and Heaters in the 1415 adit”, the 1350 sump, the access ramp to the 1320, the exhaust ramp safety bay, the conveyor decline, the ventilation adit, the 1563 portal, the temporary repair shop at the 1415 portal, junctions of various drifts, the ”Fresh Water Pump & Pumphouse on lower Creek”, the “Ventilation Raise/1563 Platform”, a “Diamond Drill Station” at 6066 North in the underground mine, the “Bridge to the Gravel Pit”, the “Crushing and Screening Plant” in the gravel pit, the ventilation bulkhead in the conveyor decline, and the “Powder Magazine”.

People depicted include Rose Gay and R. Tyne on a tour of the underground mine, a geologist with a rockhammer, a miner identified as A. Jacobs working, contract miners Bruno and Marbel from Canadian Mine Development, and unidentified miners rockbolting, shotcreting, and drilling using jackleg drills.

Vehicle and mining equipment depicted include jeeps, pickup trucks, a front end loader, an unidentified a small unmanned tracked machine with a long arm, scoop trams, a land cruiser, an ore truck with a flat tire, the cone crusher, a “scissor lift”, a mobile shotcrete machine, a new grout pump, a new Boart Jumbo Drill, and a detached bucket half of a 413 ore truck.

The second collection depicts the McDame Project construction in 1986 and 1987.
Content of these photographs includes: various machinery used for excavating and drilling, underground progress of tunneling, supports, wire meshing, rock formations in mine, and exposed asbestos. There are no annotations regarding this photographs.

Men in Crusher Building Site, View from Above

Men working among lumber at crusher building site, various materials scattered throughout. Vertically protruding planks from framework of crusher building are in foreground. Tree-covered valley in background. Construction of a long structure near the edge of the excavation area can be seen in midground; this is speculated to be the section of the crusher building which housed conveyor "B".

Lunchroom Damaged by Boulder

Handwritten caption beside this photo reads: "Lunchroom Damaged by Boulder". Large boulder stands to right of small building, walls of right corner partially destroyed. Lumber, upturned saw horse, and various other material lie on ground. Dirt road in foreground, mountainside in background.

Barricading Against Falling Loose Rock

Handwritten caption beside this photo reads: "Elaborate barricades required due to amount of loose rock falling continuously". Three men work in area confined by barricades made of vertical metal rods and horizontal wood planks. Miscellaneous building material and supplies cover the ground. Rock pile in foreground on right.

Barricading Against Falling Loose Rock

Three men work in area confined by barricades made of vertical metal rods and horizontal wood planks (see item 2000. Two ladders in foreground, (one being used by construction worker). Lumber and semi-finished walls can be seen at higher level of elevation in background.

Forming Footings for Retaining Wall at Crusher Site

Handwritten annotation on recto of photograph: "FORMING FOOTING RETAINING WALL JULY 4/64." Photograph depicts construction workers
standing in forms for cement laid against mountain wall on high elevation of construction site. A retaining structure made with wood planks and rebar separates mountainside dirt from cement forms. A front end loader can be seen in midground, near unidentified building. Mountain range in background.

Pouring Footing for Retaining Wall at Crusher Site

Handwritten annotation on recto of photograph: "POURING FOOTING RETAINING WALL JULY 4/64." Photograph depicts construction workers manually pouring cement into forms laid against mountain wall on high elevation of construction site. Cement is being transported by wheelbarrow. A retaining structure made with wood planks and rebar separates mountainside dirt from cement forms. A bulldozer can be seen in background, as well as a front end loader and back hoe tractor. Building at crusher site also in background.

New Mill Construction - Labour Documentation

Photographs depict construction of the new mill, each taken from approximately the same distance and featuring two different angles of the building. Construction work progresses from framework to sheeting and siding. Vehicles, piles of building supplies, and a construction trailer are often in foreground, mountains in background. It is believed that these photographs were taken during a labour dispute. Each photo has been annotated on recto with the date and time of day, and some document the number of workers on site. Annotations include: "2 days work", "work gets less & less", "not much for 4 men", "very little done - less than usual low performance", "0° - 20° weather must have thickened their blood".

Maintenance Projects

Photographs depict different construction projects at separate locations in Cassiar. Photographs were originally housed in envelopes with the following annotations: "POLICE STATION. July 15, 1977."; "Aggregates and Concrete (PERMASTEEL)"; "Fibre Storage and Handling"; "Powerhouse Expansion"; "Sewage Collection Plant."; "Sewage Treatment Plant"; "Single Person Accommodations - Site Work."; "Outside Work - Camp Nos. 1,2,3." Photos generally feature the work sites, supplies, vehicles, machinery, and work in progress at each location.

Additional photographs integrated into file include maintenance project on lining of tubes, lining of aspiration hood, and lining of willow fiberizer. Also five photographs of maintenance in the townsite to fix in ground piping.

Dump Truck at Tailings Pile

Photograph depicts red truck dumping waste at what is believed to be the tailings pile at the Cassiar plant. Small building and unidentified individual in bottom left foreground, valley and mountains in background. Photo caption next to printed copy of image in 1953 Annual Report: "Stockpile of 80,000 tons of Ore at Mill."

General Operations Albums

File includes six aggregations of photographs which have been assembled in this file in order to maintain the integrity of each group by keeping the photos arranged together, though each group features operations pertaining to multiple files in this subseries. Includes groups featuring photos from 1961, 1965 1971, a helicopter trip, a community album, and a workplace album. Photographs depict images pertaining to the following operations at Cassiar, B.C.: mining, milling, maintenance, labratory tests, and tramline and town operations. Images featuring operations of the company town include the grocery store, bank, churches, school, library, lounge, pool, theater, community center, outdoor recreation, hospital, dentist, cafeteria, bus route, residences, air strip, firehall, laundromat, park, police, and newspaper.

1961 - Explosive Preparation

Photograph depicts a man wearing a hard hat preparing explosive material, mountains in background. Dog stands near edge in midground, large bags of Ammonium Nitrate in right foreground. Handwritten annotation on verso of photograph: "1961".

1961 - Power House

Photograph depicts a large shelter over building believed to be power house. Electricity lines cross midground and run to power house. A man can be seen crossing the foreground by steel frame supplies, and a second building is partially visible on right. Mountains stand in background and a crane can be seen operating in front of power house. Handwritten annotation on verso of photograph: "1961".

1971 - Main Office Building

Photograph depicts two-story yellow and orange office building. Unidentified individual stands with garden hose in foreground near what appears to be a lawnmower. Warehouse semi-visible in left background; blue truck and new mill building visible in right background. Handwritten annotation on verso of photograph: "Cassiar Office June 15 71".

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