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Geographic Features
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Benjamin Film Laboratories

Photographic slides of map of Canada depicting different geology and geography interests such as: mines and reserves, physiographic regions, soil regions, permafrost limits, underdeveloped hydro potential and development corridor.

Manager's Photos - Snow on Talus

Photograph depicts snowy mountaintop, wooden shelter and truck in foreground. Corresponding note on accompanying photo description page: "Pictures taken July 2nd, 1952. 1. Picture taken from campsite showing snow on talus."

Manager's Photos - Snow Conditions in Mountain Gully

Photograph depicts mountain side, semi-covered in snow. Snowbank in foreground. Corresponding note on accompanying photo description page: "8. Shows snow conditions in gully just north of talus deposit on south slope. Note considerable snow still above road. Estimated depth of snow here to be from 10 to 20 feet [see also item 2000.1.1.2.229]."

Manager's Photos - Snow Scene

Photograph depicts a cleared path through the snow and trees, mountain in background. Wood box and post semi-visible in foreground. Handwritten annotation in blue ink on recto of photograph: "You will notice we have a little snow here."

Side View of Completed Crusher Building

Handwritten photo captions below this item and item 2000.1.1.2.2.2: "ELEVATION OF SITE: 6000' " "Two views of completed Crusher Bldg." Man in white hard hat stands beside steel drums in front of garage door on side of crusher building. Mountainside road to crusher in foreground, mountain range in background.

Men in Crusher Building Site, View from Above

Men working among lumber at crusher building site, various materials scattered throughout. Vertically protruding planks from framework of crusher building are in foreground. Tree-covered valley in background. Construction of a long structure near the edge of the excavation area can be seen in midground; this is speculated to be the section of the crusher building which housed conveyor "B".

View of Crusher Construction Site from Above

Men can be seen working on site, building tools and supplies scattered throughout. Handwritten caption beside this photo reads: "View showing various levels of foundations". A chute of some kind extends from high level to men near bottom. Dirt road at site, and tree-covered valley can be seen in background. Construction of a long structure near the edge of the excavation area can be seen in midground; this is believed to be conveyor "B".

View of Crusher Site from Above

View showing various levels of foundations. Men can be seen working on site. Vertically protruding planks from framework in foreground. A long building believed to be housing conveyor "B" can be seen in background, as well as the tree-covered valley.

Overturned Grader

Handwritten caption beside this photo reads: "Damage to Cassiar Grader, result of hazardous access to site". Rocks and rubble in foreground, mountain in background. Grader appears to be sitting on edge of cliff.

Barricading Against Falling Loose Rock

Handwritten caption beside this photo reads: "Elaborate barricades required due to amount of loose rock falling continuously". Three men work in area confined by barricades made of vertical metal rods and horizontal wood planks. Miscellaneous building material and supplies cover the ground. Rock pile in foreground on right.

Mine Valley

Switchback road, power lines and tramline towers are believed to be visible in the background valley. Construction of a long structure near the edge of the excavation area can be seen in midground; this is speculated to be the section of the crusher building which housed conveyor "B".

Lowering Crusher Pinion into Place

Handwritten caption beside this photo reads: "Placing Crusher Pinion; Pitman; weight approx. 20 tons". Man stands on top of a very tall, red peice of equipment believed to be a crusher pitman. Boom of crane is visible in foreground, and two other men stand on a high level of the crusher building. Crusher foundations, an unidentified building, and mountain in background.

Construction Workers on Top of Crusher Building

Photograph depicts the steel sheeting of the crusher building underway. Three men stand on platform suspended by cables close to roof of crusher building. Three other men can be seen working on the roof of the building, one walking, one sitting, one lying on his stomach very close to the edge. All are wearing safety gear. Cassiar mountain range in background.

Forming Footings for Retaining Wall at Crusher Site

Handwritten annotation on recto of photograph: "FORMING FOOTING RETAINING WALL JULY 4/64." Photograph depicts construction workers
standing in forms for cement laid against mountain wall on high elevation of construction site. A retaining structure made with wood planks and rebar separates mountainside dirt from cement forms. A front end loader can be seen in midground, near unidentified building. Mountain range in background.

Retaining Wall at Crusher Site

Handwritten annotation on recto of photograph: "RETAINING WALL POUR JULY 9/64." Photograph depicts construction workers among machinery near retaining wall under conveyor of crusher building. Crane stands on left, front end loader and back hoe tractor in foreground on right. Mountainside in background.

Retaining Wall at Crusher Site

Handwritten annotation on recto of photograph: "RETAINING WALL POUR JULY 9/64." Photograph depicts two construction workers standing on retaining wall in foreground. Two other men stand near a crane operating in midground, with its load suspended above men on wall. Crane stands on road between a building and retaining wall, mountain range in background.

Construction Work near West Wall at Crusher Site

Handwritten annotation on recto of photograph: "FORMING & STEEL WORK AUG 19/64." Photograph depicts construction workers among machinery on high elevation of crusher site. It is believed that a front end loader and concrete mixer stand in this area. Forms for cement made of wood and rebar can be seen in foreground on left, retaining wall on right. Building top and mountain range visible in background.

Model for New Mill Displayed Outdoors

Photograph depicts large square model of the new mill building that was built at the Cassiar plant site in 1970. Model is displayed outdoors on a platform that stands on four saw horses. Machinery modeled inside the structure is colour-coded. Plant buildings and mountains in background.

Model for New Mill Displayed Outdoors

Photograph depicts large square model of the new mill building that was built at the Cassiar plant site in 1970. Model is displayed on green material set on a platform in snowy area. Machinery modeled inside the structure is colour-coded. Mountain in background.

Model for New Mill Displayed Outdoors

Photograph depicts large square model of the new mill building that was built at the Cassiar plant site in 1970. Model is displayed on green material set on a platform in snowy area. Machinery modeled inside the structure is colour-coded. Mountain in background.

Construction Album - New Mill

File contains photographs documenting the construction of Cassiar's new mill building. Photos depict early excavation, foundations, framework, construction of all seven stories, sheeting, siding, and roof tarring. Also included are photos depicting the large model of the mill, as well as construction work done on the tramline. Photos taken inside the mill depict flooring work, and milling machinery including feed chutes, screens, fans, wheelabrators, control panels, electrical panels, conveyor systems, vacuum systems, and the fan-driven air system that transported the fiber. Many photos depict construction workers, building supplies, worksites, and equipment including cranes, bulldozers, tractors, hauling trucks and trailer flatbeds. Some photos depict aerial views from the new mill and feature the plantsite, tramline, mine road, mountains, and valley.

New Mill Construction - Labour Documentation

Photographs depict construction of the new mill, each taken from approximately the same distance and featuring two different angles of the building. Construction work progresses from framework to sheeting and siding. Vehicles, piles of building supplies, and a construction trailer are often in foreground, mountains in background. It is believed that these photographs were taken during a labour dispute. Each photo has been annotated on recto with the date and time of day, and some document the number of workers on site. Annotations include: "2 days work", "work gets less & less", "not much for 4 men", "very little done - less than usual low performance", "0° - 20° weather must have thickened their blood".

Maintenance Projects

Photographs depict different construction projects at separate locations in Cassiar. Photographs were originally housed in envelopes with the following annotations: "POLICE STATION. July 15, 1977."; "Aggregates and Concrete (PERMASTEEL)"; "Fibre Storage and Handling"; "Powerhouse Expansion"; "Sewage Collection Plant."; "Sewage Treatment Plant"; "Single Person Accommodations - Site Work."; "Outside Work - Camp Nos. 1,2,3." Photos generally feature the work sites, supplies, vehicles, machinery, and work in progress at each location.

Additional photographs integrated into file include maintenance project on lining of tubes, lining of aspiration hood, and lining of willow fiberizer. Also five photographs of maintenance in the townsite to fix in ground piping.

General & Community Operations

Subseries consists of photographic material pertaining to the following subject areas: mine operations; plant operations;labour strike 1970s images; townsite operations of the company towns of Cassiar and Clinton Creek (including community activities associated therein and townsite development); as well as, images of mines not owned by Cassiar Asbestos Corporation, but which are believed to have been used for operational research purposes.

Landslides

File contains images depicting various landslides near Cassiar BC. Set of 20 photographs (with 9 corresponding negative strips) date stamped June 1987 depict landslide near creek and dirt road with a Cassiar company truck. Set of 5 black and white photographs found in envelope marked "D. Stewart" are likely from 1988-1989 and depict a rockslide on the south western side of the pit mine, near the tramline. Album entitled “6200 DUMP SLIDE / SPRING, 1979” contains 34 photographs depicting aerial shots of a massive rockslide on the eastern slope of McDame Mountain, originating from the mine waste dump. Several images from album show greenish water pooling in the toe of the slide.

Superintendent’s Office 1988

File contains images of mine operations and construction, as well as a variety of other subjects.

  • Elements of the underground mine are depicted, including miners working, the marked rock face, yellow ducting and ventilation fan, the portal, mesh rockbolted onto adit walls, shotcrete being applied, and stacked mining construction materials.
  • Mining equipment depicted in this file includes underground ore haulage truck, Wabco ore haulage truck, jackleg drill, stoper drill, scoop tram, jumbo drill, conveyor, pickup trucks, unidentified mixing or grinding machine, a cable wagon and half constructed ore haulage truck in the shop, and a continuous miner (also known as alpine miner or roadheader).
  • A set of images show a dozer and a lowbed truck transporting a temporary building down the pit mine access road.
  • Several images depict drill core fragments, asbestos ore, and geological features of the mine.
  • Mining related process are depicted, including a young man sluicing and panning, a mine building under construction, and an unidentified steel frame structure with a hydraulic device suspended on a rail.
  • A set of images shows a railway or highway construction project, including stockpile of construction materials, rail cars, caboose, locomotive, front end loader, dump truck, concrete mixing trucks, semi-trucks, and a rail car with large steel drums which are speculated to be specialized for tunnel construction.
  • Further images show what is speculated to be tunnel construction.
  • A set of images at a high ceiling underground mine which is not Cassiar depicts a man in a suite by a underground ore haulage truck, and other mining vehicles including a crane.
  • A set of images depict an ungulate herd, possibly bighorn sheep, on a mountain side.
  • The file includes several images which depict personal life, presumably from a family vacation, and access to these images may be restricted. These images depict man with children on a fishing trip, adults and children around a pool, a woman on a motorcycle, and a house and kitchen. Several groups of images are contained in envelopes annotated with dates and “K. Minty”.

Mine (1952 to 1972)

File contains photographs depicting machinery, individuals, buildings, and mining processes at the open mine on McDame Mountain, Cassiar, B.C. Some photos depict benches from open strip mining, and two images feature models of the mine (1955 and 1970). Machinery depicted includes shovels, bulldozers, tractors, ore haul trucks (Kenworth, International Harvester, and Wabco), air track drills, blasthole drills, and Ingersoll-Rand Drill. Identified individuals include Fred Murray, R.R. [Kiresan?], C.E. Bronson, Bill Giachino, and "Sam".

Men & Bulldozer on Mining Bench

Photograph depicts two men standing on mining bench in mountainside, three boxes and what appears to be a long hose to the left. Third man and tractor plow can be seen in distance at end of bench. Photo caption next to printed copy of image in 1953 Annual Report: "Benches being prepared for mining."

Unknown Woman & Men at Mine

Photograph depicts a man and woman standing on what is believed to be an early mining bench. Two men with air track drill can be seen in background, one man father down on left, mountain range in background. Image slightly distorted due to poor quality of negative.

Men & Air Track Drill

Photograph depicts two men working with air track drill in mine area. Hose and dynamite box in foreground, mountains in background. Handwritten annotation on verso of photograph: "Sept. 1954." This photograph was originally stored inside duotang labeled "CASSIAR ASBESTOS CORPORATION LIMITED PHOTOGRAPHS 1954"; photo caption beneath this image: "Starting New Bench at South end of Deposit."

Two Men in Mine

Photograph depicts two unidentified men at high elevation on mountain. Trucks and tanks visible in background, hose (possibly of air track drill) in right foreground. Mountain range in background.

Mine Garage & West Peak

Photograph depicts buildings near West Peak of Cassiar mine. Haul trucks parked near old mine garage in background, new mine garage and unknown buildings in foreground. Mine valley crosses midground, expansive western mountain range in background.

Dozer on Cliff

Photograph depicts unknown man driving bulldozer on edge of mine area at high elevation. The dozer is an International model TD24 (manufactured between 1947 and 1955). A second man stands on edge of cliff, directing driver. Expansive mountain range in background.

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