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First Nations
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Antonia Brommeland

File consists of an oral history given by Antonia Brommeland, which was gathered as part of Dr. Mike Evan's oral history project with the Prince George Metis Elders Society. Includes consent forms, transcripts, and the recorded oral history on the original cassette.

Mary Ghostkeeper

File consists of an oral history given by Mary Ghostkeeper, which was gathered as part of Dr. Mike Evan's oral history project with the Prince George Metis Elders Society. Includes consent forms, transcripts, and the recorded oral history on the original cassettes.

Margaret Jaffray

File consists of an oral history given by Margaret Jaffray, which was gathered as part of Dr. Mike Evan's oral history project with the Prince George Metis Elders Society. Includes consent forms, transcripts, and the recorded oral history on the original cassette.

Marie Jobin

File consists of an oral history given by Marie Jobin, which was gathered as part of Dr. Mike Evan's oral history project with the Prince George Metis Elders Society. Includes consent forms, transcripts, and the recorded oral history on the original cassette.

Marie Paquette

File consists of an oral history given by Marie Paquette, which was gathered as part of Dr. Mike Evan's oral history project with the Prince George Metis Elders Society. Includes consent forms, transcripts, and the recorded oral history on the original cassettes.

Rose Prince collection

  • 2000.29
  • Collection
  • 1998
Collection consists of 1 video recording (VHS) entitled "Uncorrupted : The Story of Rose Prince." The documentary, originally shown on EWTN, asks "Will Rose Prince be British Columbia's First Saint?" Director/Producer Ken Frith travels across British Columbia, Canada on twelve occasions to interview people about Rose Prince. Each journey is recorded as a short travel log showing the environment in which the interviewee lives. In addition, the film records the events taking place at the annual July pilgrimage to her gravesite at Lejac and the fact that miracles are being associated with the use of dirt from Rose's grave.

Audio Recordings

Series contains audio recordings taken by Nedra (Ginty) Jane Paul of stories and songs from First Nations people and other residents of Northern BC.

Research projects

Series documents academic research undertaken by Dr. Marika Ainley throughout her academic career. It contains research material from projects in Ainley's main areas of research, the history of ornithology and the history of early and contemporary women scientists, as well as research on the relationship between early women scientists and Aboriginal peoples. The series is arranged into thirteen subseries: ornithology research, Louise de Kiriline Lawrence and Doris Huestis Speirs correspondence monograph; "Scientists vs. government experts: The wood buffalo controversy, 1920-1991," "Restless energy: A biography of William Rowan, 1891-1957," women in science and engineering research, Catharine Parr Traill, "Critical turning points: Women engineers within and outside the profession," funding applications, North American and Australian indigenous knowledge and science, oral histories, "Creating complicated lives," publications, and Mabel F. Timlin. Series consists of photocopies of articles; correspondence; bibliographies; draft and published versions of articles, conference proceedings, and monographs; interviews and transcripts; recordings of conferences; statistical data; questionnaires; consent, submission, and other forms; pamphlets and other material from conferences; applications for grants and funding; overhead transparencies; photographs; and notes.

Okanagan history

File consists of research materials regarding Okanagan History including book lists, emails, research notes, printouts of online research materials, and a Kamloops visitor guide.

Consent forms

File consists of research consent forms for research pertaining to "Re-explorations: new perspectives on gender, environment, and the transfer of knowledge in 19th and 20th century Canada and Australia."

Miscellaneous - 1993-1995

File consists of miscellaneous documents including research materials, handwritten notes, correspondence, and heavily annotated syllabus. Computer disk contains an annotated bibliography and bibliography on the role of native women and environmental knowledge.

Re-explorations project research

File consists of research records from Ainley's Re-explorations project on the transfer of indigenous knowledge and science. File includes typed research notes, printed catalogue records, photocopies of articles, and an issue of the Beaver magazine.

Bridget Moran & Mary John Standing in UNBC Courtyard

Photograph depicts Moran wearing regalia and linking arms with Mary John. Stone steps in background. The pair stands in the Agora courtyard at the University of Northern British Columbia in Prince George, B.C. Photo taken on the day Bridget Moran received an Honourary Law Degree.

Published and Unpublished Materials

Series consists of newspaper clippings, correspondence, photographs, pamphlets, newsletters, advertisements, contracts, notebooks, audiocassettes of oral interviews and readings, transcripts, book launch announcements, front cover mock-ups, edited drafts, manuscripts, fact sheets, poems, catalogues, bookmarks, skits, conference events programme, poster, grant applications and related correspondence, a wooden placard, handwritten notes, book reviews, inquest reports, background material, VHS recordings of classroom talks given by Bridget Moran, Mary John and Justa Monk re: her publications, and ephemera. This series contains material from all five of her publications: 1. (1988) Stoney Creek Woman: The Story of Mary John. Vancouver: Arsenal Pulp Press. 2. (1990) Judgment at Stoney Creek. Vancouver: Arsenal Pulp Press 3. (1992) A Little Rebellion. Vancouver: Arsenal Pulp Press. 4. (1994) Justa: A First Nations Leader. Vancouver: Arsenal Pulp Press. 5. (1996) Prince George Remembered. Prince George, British Columbia: Moran Publishing. This series also consists of, but is not limited to, a number of unpublished manuscripts and drafts and/or writing contest submissions also written by Bridget Moran, such as:*"Mary and Me" (ca. 1998)*"Where Winds Come Sweet" (ca. 1981)*"The Horizontal Land" (ca. 1992)*"The Summer of '81"*"The Relief Cheque" (ca. 1998)*"The Case of the Box of Matches" (ca. 1987)*"Unholy Deadlock" (ca. 1990)*"The Numbers Game"*"Reflections on Theme" (ca. 1967)*"Come Hell or High Water" (ca. 1976)*"Man Alive"*"The Deadbeat Mystique"*"Hell on Wheels"*"Backstairs at the Palace"*"James MacCallum" (ca. 1984)*"Hushaby, Baby" (ca. 1981)*"The Decline and Fall of Mr. Sullivan"*"Case History of a Gadfly"*"Welfare and the Good Life"*"Childhood Memories" (ca. 1976)*"The Three Musketeers" (ca. 1974-75)*"A Child's Christmas in Saskatchewan" (ca. 1979)*"Diary of Success Homecoming"*"My Old Flame" (ca. 1992)*"O Ye Dry Bones" (ca. 1996) *"Supper, Little Children" (ca. 1983).

Dance at Elder's Gathering, 1983

Photograph depicts couples dancing in large room, crowd seated on chairs against wall in background. Ornaments are hung in a row from ceiling. Man dancing in centre wears traditional dress. Handwritten annotation on recto of photograph: "Elders gathering 1983".

Moran Giving Speech as Best Author of 1988

Handwritten annotation on recto: "Bridget Moran thanks the B.C. Historical Federation for recognizing her as best author of 1988." Moran stands behind microphone, holding award. Don Sale and Naomi Miller of the B.C. Historical Federation Writing Competition Committee stand in background.

Bridget Moran at Metlakatla Lake, BC

Bridget Moran stands on road, unidentified buildings behind on either side. Lake and hills on opposite shore in background. Photo believed to be taken at Metlakatla Lake, B.C. Building on left speculated to be the St. Paul's Anglican Church Learning Centre.

Bridget Moran wearing Button Blanket

Photograph depicts Moran seated in chair at unknown location. Red and black button blanket features traditional thunderbird, wolf, and killer whale designs. Television, armchair, and window visible in background.

Mary John Receiving the Order of Canada

Photograph depicts Mary John shaking hands with unidentified man at official ceremony where she was awarded the Order of Canada for outstanding service to her community. Two unidentified woman stand in background in large ornately furnished room.

Hudson Bay Company Post at Fort George, BC

Photograph depicts two buildings behind fence, sheds visible in background. Unidentified men can be seen walking in foreground. Small structures believed to be teepees can be seen behind fence.

"Justa - Roseanne's Edit"

File consists of handwritten note from Roseanne Moran to her mother Bridget re: the "Justa" draft and an annotated draft of "Justa."

Aboriginal (Justa) German Perspective

File consists of a letter re: 1998 Order of British Columbia Recipients from Dagmar Beiman, Coordinator Honours and Awards Secretariat to Bridget Moran (May 11, 1998), a letter from Daniel Birkenbach to Bridget Moran re: a paper he wrote (Aug. 2, 1996), and a copy of paper written by Daniel Birkenbach: "Canada - Life and Development of the Canadian Indians (past and present)."

Bridget Moran Autographing Books for Students

Photograph depicts Moran seated amongst standing group of unidentified women. Overhead machine and chalkboard in background. Photograph was taken at session of Aboriginal Women's Training Program at the Cowichan Campus, Malaspina University College, in Duncan B.C.

Material: Natives

File consists of:
*Liberating Our Children, Liberating Our Nations. Report of the Aboriginal Committee, Community Panel, Family and Children's Services Legislation Review in British Columbia, October 1992. Includes handwritten note from Dianne de Chamelan (?) to Bridget Moran and the following photocopies pages from this publication: 5-23 and 123-125.
*Addressed envelope from R. [Roseanne?] Moran to Bridget Moran containing copy of "Address from the Bar of the House" - Joe Gosnell speaking to the Nisga'a Treaty
*"The Rights of the Metis in British Columbia" (revised March 1998) published by Native Programs, Legal Services Society.
*Copy of article: "Native Indians seek resolution over issue of adopted children" by Rick Ouston for the Vancouver Sun, reprinted in Today's News (July 9, 1997)
*Newspaper clipping from The Province (Feb. 4, 1998) Pamphlet: T8TA [Treaty 8 Tribal Association] Education Department
*"Treaty 8 Tribal Association Member Community Profiles Including: 1. A Brief history of First Nation Communities in Northeastern B.C." Prepared by Kathlean Fitpatrick Research Services fro T8TA, Treaty and Aboriginal Rights Research Program, Sept. 1997.
*Fax from Lucette Kirbach to LSS Board of Directors (incl. Bridget Moran) re: Delgam Uukw (June 25, 1998)
*"A guide to Aboriginal organizations and services in British Columbia"
*"A Review of legal services to Aboriginal people in British Columbia" by Marion R. Buller (Feb. 7, 1994)
*Northeast Distribution [contact] List
*Catalogue: Books about First Nations and Aboriginal Peoples from Canadian Publishers
*"Fishing - Aboriginal Rights in British Columbia" (revised 1998) published by Native Programs, Legal Services Society.
*Photocopy of article "Why Canada has a moral obligation to abused Indians" by Grand Chief Edward John (The Vancouver Sun, April 3, 1996).

Window Display - 'Stoney Creek Woman'

Photograph depicts numerous copies of 'Stoney Creek Woman' (by Bridget Moran) in glass case. Display also features article on Mary John's receipt of the Order of Canada (see items 2008. and 2008. for photographs displayed in this image).

Justa – Tape 3

Item is a recorded audio interview with Justa Monk.

Audiocassette Summary

00’ 10” Continuation of Tape 2. Justa discusses the review of the Kemano project. He wants a public review where there is First Nations representation. He is frustrated by the lack of a working relationship and being recognized as a leader.

03’ 29” Their way of life is damaged from the flooding. Graveyards were flooded in the 1940s. Fishing grounds will never be the same. Kemano II will do the same damage to a narrower piece of land. Seven communities will be affected, particularly Stoney Creek, because there will be no more fishing grounds.

08’ 27” They are doing this for more electricity, not for the aluminum. BC Hydro made a deal with Alcan for a bigger reservoir. Moran asks Justa if BC Hydro is the ‘imp in the woodpile.’ Justa tells her there is a three-party agreement between Alcan, BC Hydro, and the provincial government. He tells her the project will not go ahead because he believes the Supreme Court will rule in their favour.

15’ 05” Moran mentions Mary John saying that everything the First Nations ‘ever got they had to fight for.’ They briefly discuss Oka. Justa returns to discussing the Kemano II project.

16’ 53” Moran asks Justa about the Aluminum Company of Canada.

17’ 49” They both talk about the Indian Agent that would not let First Nations people in his home. They both relay their disgust with a specific Indian Agent.

18’ 41” Moran asks Justa about the Carrier-Sekani land claims. He discusses having to revisit the boundary lines. Justa talks about an agreement he signed on September 21, 1992, where there would be proper representation for the First Nations people.

26’ 30” Justa discusses the ‘potlatch law’ which he describes as ‘love, share, and respect.’ He talks about how he often gets a good response from groups he teaches.

34’ 51” Moran tells Justa how she was contacted by the Stoney Creek Band regarding how they collected several stories that are unreadable. They have asked Moran to somehow transcribe them properly.

36’ 37” Moran asks Justa about the Kemano II decision from the Supreme Court. He talks about how he is disappointed in the decision, but said he expected it because the government has rarely ruled in favour of First Nations issues.

43’ 16” Justa tells Moran that he was written a letter to President Bill Clinton and Vice-President Al Gore extending an open invitation to see the damage the Kemano II project has done to the environment.

45’ 03” Moran asks Justa when he returned to Tachie to work. He discusses his work there. In 1969, he began work at BC Rail. He moved to Dawson Creek with Theresa and their family.

51’ 09” Moran asks Justa about returning to the village of Tachie, particularly with the trouble that had happened with his brother. He talks about how the elders believed that everything would work out and how many of his achievements relate to that philosophy.

54’ 37” Moran asks Justa about his maintenance work for BC Rail. He describes his position in detail.

59’ 44” Moran asks Justa about the great gardens his father had grown, but this has stopped because of the road. He talks about bringing in television to the community. He talks about when hydro came into the community in the early 1970s. He talks about the water and sewage system being implemented in the mid-1970s.

1:05’ 10” Justa talks about when he became band manager in 1973. He describes his position. Moran asks about the difference between band manager and chief. Justa describes the difference.

1:13’ 21” Moran asks about whether or not Justa had to deal with Indian Agents or the DIA during that time. He describes his band manager position further as being a marriage counsellor, policeman, secretary, a bouncer, and always trying to make peace within the community. He talks about the pressure of the position, and how it made his alcoholism worse, how he was on sleeping and nerve pills.

1:21’ 31” Moran asks about the population of Tachie. She asks about the location of Grand Rapids.

1:22’ 33” Justa talks about becoming chief in 1975, but also kept the band manager position. He discusses in detail about being both, particularly with social issues. He talks about how parties often ended up in some accident ie a little girl getting shot.

1:28’ 34” Moran asks about the isolation of the community. Justa discusses calling for a boat or a plane to evacuate someone in case of an emergency.

1:30’ 10” End of tape.

Justa – Tape 7

Item is a audio interview recorded by Bridget Moran with Justa Monk.

Audiocassette Summary

00’ 10” Moran asks about when the roads were built to Tachie. Justa talks about the length of time it took to get to work from Tachie to Portage before the roads were built. After some people drowned, the pressure was put on the Department of Indian Affairs to build a road. Justa talks about his trips before the road was built.

07’ 42” Moran asks about why Tachie was not built around Stuart Lake but at the mouth of the creek. Justa gives a brief history of Tachie.

09’ 20” Moran asks Justa about the history of his father, particularly what his jobs were.

11’ 01” Moran asks Justa what Camp 24 is, where his mother and father stayed at times. It was a camp owned by the Roman Catholic Church where people could stay while they worked in the bush. Justa says the camp was more of a settlement. Moran and Justa continue to talk about the living conditions of Camp 24.

16’ 47” Moran asks Justa about his father’s mother. Justa never met his grandmother, even though his father continued to visit her. They continue to talk about the history of Justa’s parents.

20’ 10” Moran tells Justa she has heard there are no more gardens in Tachie today. Justa tells Moran that people no longer live off the land and that is why the gardens no longer exist. Justa says he feels lucky that he was able to experience life by living off the land. Moran asks about how home brew is made. Justa gives a list of the ingredients and how it needed to sit for twenty-four hours before being able to drink it.

25’ 00” Moran asks Justa about what his first memories of Fort St. James were. He talks about his childhood memories and his first experience in driving in a vehicle.

29’ 58” Moran asks Justa about how many families are in Portage. Fifteen to twenty are there, which Justa says is bigger than when he was growing up. There is a problem of over-crowding with about 300 people living there.

31’ 14” Justa talks about going into the cellar to collect stuff for his mother, such as jams. He talks about how his parents never ate any canned food, and always continued to live off the land. Justa continues to talk about the relationship between his parents and how happy they were together, how they rarely argued. When his mother passed away, his father passed away shortly after because he stopped taking care of himself.

36’ 44” Moran asks Justa about fishing. Justa talks about fishing from a reef in the fall. Justa would smoke the fish in a tent that other people had set up. He talks about living off the land, where nothing was wasted. In the winter, he would ice-fish.

41’ 00” Justa talks about how he enjoys going back to the old way of life and is looking forward to finishing his leadership position, so he can return to the old ways. He talks about rehabilitating his mind and body because he is burning out from his busy schedule.

43’ 06” Moran asks if she can talk to Justa’s sisters and a friend of his family. Justa tells her that his sisters are looking forward to speaking to her. They talk about the benefits of aging.

47’ 08” End of tape.

Justa – Chapter 6 (1957 – 1967)

Item is a audio interview recorded by Bridget Moran with Justa Monk.

Audiocassette Summary

00’ 10” Moran is talking to Theresa, Justa’s wife. Moran asks her what Corpus Christi means. Theresa tells her it is a place where First Nations people from the area planted trees in a big circle. It was a prayer circle where the bishop would say mass.

05’ 10” Moran asks Theresa about Sports Day in Fort St. James, which was more like a rodeo.

06’ 17” Moran is now talking to Justa. Moran asks Justa about trips to Babine Lake that Jimmy previously mentioned. Justa does not remember the trips, but he imagines they were very cold.

09’ 17” Moran asks Justa about the store Jimmy used to run. Justa tells Moran the store was operating on the store credit, hence the downfall of the business. They continue to talk about opening a store in Tachie that is operated by someone with a strong business mind.

13’ 37” Moran asks Justa about a family member from Burns Lake that his sisters previously mentioned. Justa tells her that the family member is an aunt.

14’ 34” Moran asks Justa about the residential school. She enquires about his ability to play hockey. Justa never wore skates until he attended residential school.

16’ 03” Moran asks Justa about fishing with a safety pin. He tells her that one Indian can eat anything.

16’ 53” They return to talking about residential school and if Justa had ever returned. He went back when he was forty-five to visit the area.

18’ 34” Moran asks about the house his family used to live in. Justa is not sure about his brother’s story regarding the Hudson’s Bay Company. He is sure that the house they lived in was built byt heir family.

21’ 01” Moran asks about Justa’s brother who passed away when he was quite young. Justa says his mother told him his brother fell off the roof and broke his neck. They talk about Justa’s brother, Teddy, being killed.

24’ 04” Moran asks Justa about the community making their own snowshoes. Justa tells her what they made the snowshoes out of – deer hide, cow hide, moose hide. Justa talks about going out on the trap line with his father in his homemade snowshoes.

26’ 21” Moran asks Justa about his previous employment from 1957 on. He gives a chronological account of his employment history until 1967, when he went to jail. After 1969, he continued to work. He always worked. They continue to talk about his past employment.

39’ 32” Moran asks Justa about his social life between 1957 and 1967. He tells her that he had a good time. He started to drink at seventeen.

40’ 53” Moran asks about Justa’s brother Teddy and their relationship. Justa tells her they were close, like twin brothers.

41’ 52” They talk about his alcoholism and how it led to fighting. Justa continues to talk about his drinking days and how much trouble it caused him. He also talks about how his parents tried to discourage drinking between him and his brothers. His parents were not worried about his sisters because they settled down early.

48’ 52” Justa talks about how often he saw his family, particularly his parents, during that time period. He says he always felt close to his family, no matter what happened.

50’ 27” Moran asks Justa about how he earned a dollar a week leading children to the residential school. They talk about his arm being broken in the last year he attended residential school. He talks about playing hockey throughout his time at residential school.

54’ 11’ Moran asks Justa about how the Kemano II Project is going. Justa said in an interview the process should stop entirely because people are resigning on the government’s side. Justa tells her they are going to publicly protest the project.

59’ 16” End of tape.


Item is a audio interview recorded by Bridget Moran with Justa Monk.

Audiocassette Summary

00’ 05” Justa is talking about cutting wood for heat at home. He talks about wrecking his father’s axe. He continues to tell amusing stories about his childhood, which include his siblings and his father.

04’ 45” Moran asks Justa about how many employees he had when he was band manager. Justa talks about his work as band manager. They continue to talk about sawmills in the area. Justa discusses land rights as a result of the sawmills in their territory. Justa talks about tree farm licenses and the disputes between the band and the government. He talks about agreements the band has with Northwood Pulp and Timber Ltd.

16’ 35” Moran asks Justa about the note Theresa left him about being either a father or a band manager. They talk about this briefly.

18’ 23” Moran asks Justa about stories in his diary, such as trying to quit smoking. They talk about Justa becoming band leader. They continue to talk about Justa’s duties as general manager for the band and the politics surrounding the position.

25’ 14” Moran asks Justa about developing a school board for Tachie that is run by First Nations people. He wants to develop a proper curriculum that embraces the old way of life to maintain their culture.

30’ 40” Moran asks Justa why he stepped down as general manager for the band. Justa talks about someone else wanting the position. He also talks about the restraints on him. He talks about becoming tribal chief. He was given the mandate to deal with Kemano II, land claims, and developing forms of self-government.

41’ 15” Moran asks about the spread of AIDS in Tachie. Justa says, like cancer, it has spread because of stupidity. His people were healthy until the modernization of their society.

42’ 22” They return to discussing the opening of sawmills in the Tachie area, as well as tree licenses.

49’ 00” Moran asks Justa how many bands have dropped out of land claims issues. Ten remain, he tells her. They continue to discuss the issue of land claims.

50’ 47” Moran asks about when the tribal chiefs came together to have a common goal with regard to land claims. They continue to discuss land base, the progress of land claims, and the amount of people in each area. Justa talks about private companies entering their land and building private roads to log the area. They continue to talk about the politics of the position.

1:00’ 13” Moran asks Justa about his tribal chief position. He tells her it is a ‘twenty-four hour machine’ and to develop working relationships between the bands and the government, particularly with land claims and poverty issues. Justa continues to talk about his position.

1:09’ 11” Moran asks Justa which position he feels has helped his people the most. He tells her being band manager and tribal chief because he feels he has the right vision for his people that he can implement through clear direction and demanding certainty from the government, particularly with land claims. He talks about wanting to save the future of the nations and saving the river from the Kemano II Project. They continue to discuss the history of the Kemano II Project.

1:17’ 38” End of tape.

Chapter 7: Unlocking the Medicine Chest: the Implications of Transferring Control of Health Services to First Nations [later draft]

Consists of 1 later draft of chapter for Prospering Together, entitled "Chapter 7: Unlocking the Medicine Chest: the Implications of Transferring Control of Health Services to First Nations." Also includes 1 Laurier Institution brochure entitled "The Challenge of Diversity," and 1 cover letter. Cover letter, from Ann G. Roberts, Executive Assistant, Laurier Institution, asks Dr. David Fish to amend submitted chapter and then approve the final version for publication.

Bibliographies and other material

File consists of a summary of research by research assistant Anna-Stina Kjellstrom, bibliographies relating to ethnobotany resources, a list of online resources, a list of archives with holdings relating to female recipients of Aboriginal ethnobotanical knowledge and a list of books suggested for interlibrary loan.

Catalogue records and a monograph

File consists of catalogue records for publications related to autobiographical histories of Aboriginal peoples and a photocopy of the monograph, "Kohkominawak Otacimowiniwawa: Our Grandmothers' Lives, as Told in their Own Words."
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