- 1858 - 1871
The BC Legislative Council Collection consists of 6 journals of the Legislative Council, as well as files containing BC proclamations, BC ordinances, and BC acts.
British Columbia Legislative Council
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The BC Legislative Council Collection consists of 6 journals of the Legislative Council, as well as files containing BC proclamations, BC ordinances, and BC acts.
British Columbia Legislative Council
Collection consists of accumulated material relating to Northern BC. This material includes unpublished grey literature, discrete textual records with limited provenance, and other ephemeral items.
The Prince George Railway & Forestry Museum Society Collection consists primarily of textual, photographic, and cartographic records related to the regional developments of the railway industry in Northern BC. A predominant portion of the collection is made up of material from the Canadian National Railway; other railways represented include the Pacific Great Eastern Railway, the British Columbia Railway (BC Rail), the Grand Trunk Pacific Railway, the Grand Trunk Railway, the Intercolonial Railway, and the Okanagan Express. Significant geographical areas covered include Prince George, the Peace River Region, Terrace, Bulkley Valley, Hazelton and Prince Rupert.
The forestry industry is represented in the collection with operational and financial records from Fyfe Lake Sawmill Ltd., which operated southwest of Prince George in the 1950s.
The collection has been organized into series according to creator, each of which also has been arranged to subseries, file and item level, where applicable. This collection consists of eight series, as follows:
1) Canadian National Railway
2) Grand Trunk Railway
3) Pacific Great Eastern Railway
4) British Columbia Railway (BC Rail)
5) Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR)
6) Intercolonial Railway
7) Fyfe Lake Sawmill ltd.
The fonds consists of six company ledgers: 1894 - 1896, 1896, 1898 - 1901, 1900, 1904 - 1905, 1923 - 1926. Also includes 15 pages of correspondence and notes. The ledgers note expenses for various operations in the mine and in the company owned premises in town. The letters and notes concern the purchase of explosives for the mine and discusses the Consolidated Cariboo Hydraulic Mining Company.
Collection consists of the typescript of "Excellence in Teaching," by Robert Bernoff.
The David Davies Railway Collection encompasses all facets of railway history specifically in the province of British Columbia and the Yukon territory. The collection consists of research material accumulated over the course of more than fifty years, and includes monographs, periodicals, articles, clippings, railway timetables, photographs, maps and plans, and excerpts. Material covers public, tourist, and private (industrial) railways, including: CPR, KVR, E&N; CNR, CNoR, GTPR; and PGER, BCR. The collection excludes material regarding streetcar systems and rapid transit, but includes long distance electric interurbans.
Collection consists of 2 taxidermied polar bear pelts (1 adult & 1 cub) intended for educational display.
A collection of postcard photographs of Port Essington BC, Port Simpson BC, Atlin, Quesnel, McBride, Hagwilget Village, Giscome, Likely, Kitwanga, Smithers, Prince Rupert BC, Prince (Fort) George BC Images depict street scenes, water scenes, community events, businesses, buildings, and aerials of the towns. Collection also depicts a number of Northern BC paddle wheelers.
This journal by Dr. Lazier consists of his obstetric notes on pregnancies, childbirths, infant deaths, and maternal deaths during his practice from 1901 through 1918 and 1922 through 1930. Some of the locations and regions covered in the journal include: Prince George/Fort George and the surrounding area, Nakusp, Arrowhead, Beaton, Camborne, Princeton, Fraser Lake, Burns Lake, Grayson (Saskatchewan), Neville (Saskatchewan), Ranfurly (Alberta), Minburn (Alberta), etc. A few pages at the back of the journal consists of a child’s writing in pencil of a “list of made up words” and a list of “German words.”
Dr. David Brownlee Lazier
This collection consists of photographs and "real photo" postcards that depict the construction and operation of the Pacific Great Eastern Railway line, communities nearby the railway line, and regional geography of areas adjacent to the PGE line.
The collection consists of 9 photographs and copies of photographs showing scenes of Prince Rupert and area, groups of townspeople, a stone totem pole at Metlakatla, and a man poling a dug-out canoe probably on the Skeena River. It includes two newspaper clippings, one from the BC Saturday Sunset dated September 14, 1912 and another from The Globe dated Saturday March 23, 1907. The bound volumes of the Prince Rupert Empire newspaper were transferred to Special Collections. See accompanying note.
Prince Rupert Daily News
Collection consists of a photograph album from A. H. Holland, a British Columbia Land Surveyor, that was created while working in the Central Interior, the Cariboo, the Chilcotin and southeast British Columbia. This album visually documents steamboat, stagecoach and horse travel in British Columbia and also captures the prepatory work and dawn of the age of rail travel.
Holland, Arthur H.
Fonds consists of Royal Bank of Canada records from branches across Northern British Columbia and the Yukon.
Royal Bank of Canada
Consists of two photograph albums that illustrate Parker Bonney's early years as a Forest Engineer. Includes photographs of the expedition to the Nass Valley undertaken by Parker Bonney, Sam Brown, and others. May also include photographs of later surveying expeditions.
The photographs depict the geographic areas of Stewart, BC, Boundary Pass, Nelson River, Bitter Creek Glacier, Portland Canal, Red Cliff and Bear Creek; as well as the ships “Camosun” and “S.S. Prince George.” Types of subjects identified in this collection include: community life, surveying, mining and transportation (i.e. dog-sledding, horse and buggy, and the Portland Canal Short Line Railway “P.C.S.L. Rlwy”).
Collection consists of over 120 images, copy prints, originals, digitized images, postcards and reproductions of textual materials relating to the pioneers, wildlife, and trapping of the Prince George region.
Collection contains photographs depicting community life in Prince George, B.C. Images depict holiday events, sports teams, government buildings, businesses (hotels, banks, retail, newspaper office), riverboats, railroad construction, fishing, a cemetery, street scenes, aerials, and landscapes. Also includes photos taken outside of the Prince George vicinity including Prairie Creek, Thomas Creek and Barkerville, B.C.
Collection consists of materials related to Fort George surveying and preemption, including both legal and personal correspondence, legal documents and records, plans of lots, photographs, and a map. Includes records from the Cariboo Investment Company, Ltd., J.B. Henderson-Roe and C.H. Henderson Roe.
The collection consists of an assortment of cartographic materials concerning Northern B.C. Included are topographic maps, pre-emptor’s and preliminary maps, physiographic maps, and resource (geological, game, etc.) maps.
Northern BC Archives & Special Collections
The Fort Fraser Historical Photograph Collection consists of 1 photograph album featuring 86 black and white photographs of Fort Fraser and area during the pre World War I era.
Collection consists of one photograph album containing 28 photographs featuring images of landscapes and water views; fishing scenes; structures; automobiles; persons; Hudson's Bay Company posts; First Nations and wildlife in and about the Stuart Lake area.
Collection consists of 140 photographs pertaining to the life and pursuits of James Joseph Claxton over the course of sixty years. Subject areas identified within this collection include: quartz and placer mining in the Cariboo; Kingcome Village; the Royal Irish Contabulary; Roderick's Jewelers, New Westminster; the "M.S. Columbia III"; Kwakiutl petrographs in Fort Rupert; totem poles at Alert Bay; and the Salmon Arm Boy Scouts of Canada group.
Claxton, James Joseph
The Fred Jeffery Collection consists of three photograph albums comprising a total of 303 b&w photographs all dating from ca.1924-1933. The subject matter of these images consist primarily of the fishing industry, river & landscapes, salmon cannery images (housing, people, workers, machinery, boats) on the Nass River and North Pacific Coast. Notable are the photographs depicting indigenous (Nisga'a) people and places and Chinese and Japanese cannery workers. Identified canneries featured in these photographs include: Mill Bay Cannery, Namu Cannery, Klemtu Cannery, Shushartie Bay Cannery, Balmoral Cannery, North Pacific Cannery, Nass Harbour Cannery, Port Essington Cannery, Kitwanga Cannery, Port Nelson Cannery, Alert Bay Cannery, Dominion Cannery and ABC Co. Cannery. Photographs also include images of the Canadian Pacific Railway in both Vancouver and Sicamous, BC., as well as, images of the Legislative Assembly buildings in Victoria, the 1924 Special Service Squadron ships in Vancouver, early construction of the University of British Columbia in Vancouver, and town overviews of Yokohama, Japan (pre WWII).
Collection consists of 11 digitized images of Prince George in the 1930s. Includes depictions of snow removal, flooding of the Fraser and Nechako Rivers, the CNR rail yard, and the railway bridge.
The Alexander Manson Mining Collection consists of 133 loose photographs documenting various aspects of the mining industry in Northern British Columbia between 1930-1940. Photographs show images of Manson Creek and Germansen Landing.
Emil Bronlund had a Leica camera and took excellent photographs. Several of them appear in "Return to Northern British Columbia" by Jay Sherwood, along with more information about Bronlund. Bronlund put his negatives in a Kodak negative album that holds 100 images. There is a sheet in the album that provides a brief caption for each negative. Bronlund also divided most of the images into groups. Additional information for some of the images is included in this summary of the album.
001 - 004 Trip to Osilinka River, July 1930
005 - 010 Omineca River, dead water
011 - 018 Copper mountain on Duck Creek, July 1930
011 - Shorty Weber in dugout
016 and 017 - Bill McPhee and Shorty
019 - 020 Picking blueberries, Duck Creek, September
021 - 025 Wedge Creek, September 1930
026 - 031 Going out, fall 1930
032 - 044 [?]
045 - 067 June-July 1931
45 - CF-ABK, a legendary bush plane nicknamed ‘Old Faithful’, at Burns Lake
46 - Takla Landing, CF-AAM
47 - Takla Landing, Swannell crew members
48-52 aerial views - specifics in caption list
53 - Swannell and Bronlund’s crews at Jack Duncan’s cabin
54 - Swannell moving camp on raft
55 - Group at narrows. Swannell and Bronlund crews. Skook Davidson (back row in front of horse), Frank Swannell (front row 3rd from left, petting dog)
66-67 - Finlay Falls
068 - 075 Two Brothers Lake, July 1932
076 - 077 Fredriksen Lake, July 1932
078 - 080 Sustut Lake, September 1931
081 - Finlay River
082 - Sturdee River
083 - 084 - Mt. Drybrough
085 - 087 - Sand Bay, Thutade Lake, September 1931
086 - Bronlund’s crew - Bob Niven, mechanic; Ken Dewar, pilot; Henry Giegerich, geologist
088 - 090 - Sustut River, October 1931
091 - 094 - [?]
095 - 100 - McLeod R. trip, March-April 1932 (newspaper article)
Collection consists of photographs and a film relating to logging operations at the Peden Hill sawmill. Some of the photographs depict other unknown sawmills, one with a dry kiln.
Collection consists of 1 copy of 1934 Charles Bedaux Expedition map entitled: "Preliminary Plan showing traveled route of the Bedaux Sub-Arctic Expedition season 1934. Cassiar and Peace River Districts, British Columbia."
In 1936, Gordon Young Wyness was employed by Philip M. Monckton, a B.C. Land Surveyor. Between June 5 and October 8, Wyness joined Monckton and a group of others on a land survey expedition in northwestern BC. The survey crew travelled to various locations in the area including Telkwa, Hazelton, Burns Lake, Francoise Lake, Vanderhoof, Prince George, Quesnel, Lytton, and Hope. Wyness documented their journey in this photograph album. Based on the photographs, it appears that the crew led by Philip Monckton consisted of Jack Lee and Gordon Wyness; Mrs. Lavender Monckton (nee O'Hara) also accompanied the group.
In addition to the 50 photographs included in the album, this collection also includes five additional unique photographs that accompanied the album.
Wyness, Gordon Young
Collection consists of textual records related to Stuart S. Holland, Associate Engineer, Department of Mines.
Holland, Stuart S.
ALASKAN HIGHWAY PHOTOGRAPH ALBUM. British Columbia: N.D. [ca 1945]. 10 1/4" x 13 1/4" in thick green embossed boards, with title (Photographs) in gilt and tied at spine with green cord. Photo album contains 172 original photographs and 27 real photo postcards. Photographs measure 5 3/4" x 3 1/2," with a majority captioned in manuscript. Through these photos one has visual journey of travel on the newly constructed Alaskan Highway through British Columbia and into the Yukon. The travelers set off from Fort Saint John, passing through Fort Nelson, and seeming to go as far as Watson Lake, just across the border into the Yukon Territory. Along the way, they drove through the Trout River Valley, Steamboat Mountain, Muncho Lake, and many other impressive features of the landscape. The final section of images comprise home photos of the family that made the trip and some photos taken earlier.
These photographs were taken by an unknown photographer from Department of National Deference Public Relations (Pacific Command) during the 1945 Polar Bear Exercise. This exercise was held in northern British Columbia in February and March 1945, using some 1,150 soldiers of the 6th Division. The intent of the exercise was to test the effects of "wet cold" conditions on military men and material. The scenario for the Polar Bear Exercise was that: "Action will be based on reports of a Japanese force having been landed at Bella Coola from submarines, having rendered useless RCAF installations at Bella Bella, and giving positive indication that this force is composed in great part of construction personnel with a comparatively small protective element; the assumption being that it will try to construct a useable road from Bella Coola to permit movement inland of a larger fighting force to follow at some later date". The exercise itself was conducted in three overlapping phases. Between 12 February and 5 March the force moved from Prince George to Anahim Lake, chiefly using an array of motor transport but with some pack horses. The second phase ran from 4 March to early April. This was a series of marches from Anahim Lake to Bella Coola and return; a secondary force of 19 men split off from the main body and, travelling by snowmobile and snowshoe, traversed the Rainbow Mountains to Bella Coola; on the return march this detachment was increased to 120 men and dubbed "Y" Force. The third phase was removal of all troops by vehicle from Anahim Lake to Williams Lake. These photographs are believed to document the return from Bella Coola.
Collection consists of 5 booklets concerned with different aspects of safe railroad operations. Dated from 1950 to 1957, the booklets cover a range of subjects including derailments, loading material dangerous material, and other loading instructions.
Association of American Railroads
This photograph collection consists of 53 photographs featuring primarily Giscome with a few of Prince George. Subjects include the Eagle Lake Sawmill, Eagle Lake, Giscome townsite (including specific buildings and general road perspectives), Giscome School, Division II class photos (1950-51), and the Giscome School teacherage.
Collection consists of three original color film reels that compile footage clips from various dates. Subjects include the following:
Collection consists of digitized home videos created by the Viksten family. The videos include scenes of Horsefly Lake and the Williams Lake Stampede.
Collection includes a manuscript of James Hackler's San Jose State MA thesis entitled "The Carrier Indians of Lake Babine: The Effect of Western Culture on Their Social Organization". The title of the thesis later became "Factors leading to social disorganization among the Carrier Indians at Lake Babine". The manuscript includes notes and material that was cropped from the published thesis.
The fonds consists of 4 letters by Collier written to McKilvington and 1 letter from McKilvington to Collier. Collier's letters discuss the problems in getting a signed copy of his book to McKilvington, and also respond to McKilvington's letter with information about mutual friends in the Chilcotin and with opinions on the depletion of wildlife in the Chilcotin district. McKilvington's letter is autobiographical, and also contains his opinions on the depletion of wildlife in the Chilcotin, gun control and provincial game regulations. One letter is a response to a letter McKilvington sent to the provincial government on the mismanagement of wildlife, ostensibly written by Ken Kiernan (BC Minister of Recreation & Conservation) but, according to Collier, probably written by Jim Hatter, Kiernan's deputy. The newspaper clippings include an obituary of Collier, an article and letter by Collier, and two photographs of Mrs. Collier taken at local functions.
McKilvington, Benjamin (Bud) W.
Collection consists of textual reserach notes created by L'heureux related to the history and geography of Northern BC, BC,
Fonds consists of original, silent 16mm reels that portray the natural, social and land use history of the Bella Coola and Chilcotin regions named the "Natural and Guiding History of the Bella Coola and Chilcotin Regions".
Possible locations that Al Elsey filmed include: Bella Coola, Bella Bella, Anahim Lake, Alert Bay, Nimpo Lake, Bulkey Valley, the Rainbow Mountains, Tweedsmuir Provincial Park, Dean River, Bella Coola River, Tchaha Lake, the Chilcotin region, the Ulkatcho Mountains, Lassard Lake, Fenton Lake, Atnarko River, Wells Gray Park, and Holt Homestead.
Fonds consists of the personal records of Nedra (Ginty) Jane Paul [b. ca.1920-d. 1990]. Personal records include the 1938 Lord Byng High School Annual, 2 teaching certificates, and 1 photograph. Paul worked as a teacher in the Chilcotin and Bella Coola regions of BC and the primary items of the collection are 8 recordings generated by her with members of First Nations Communities at Alkali, Red Stone, Kleena Kleene and Bella Coola from 1964-1971. There are 8 original audio reel to reel recordings (and 2 tapes which are copies of the recordings later created by P.J. Thomas, who accompanied Paul on the interviews). Recordings include stories and songs.
Paul, Nedra Jane
Collection consists of 1 map of "Status of Sustained-Yield Forestry Programme as at December 31, 1969" by British Columbia Department of Lands, Forests, and Water Resources and 10 pages of handwritten instructions for opening a ranger station in Smithers and annual Forest Insect and Disease Survey, dated 1980.
Collection consists of documents and a photograph album from the Department of Indian Affairs including publications, working papers, and reports related to First Nations affairs and administration.
Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development
The Helen Mustard Collection consists of textual records, audiocassettes and copies of publications relating to the history of Mackenzie Townsite and Rocky Mountain Trench region of Northern British Columbia
Collection consists of records regarding the Kemano Completion Project collected by four scientists that were involved in the Department of Fisheries and Oceans review of Alcan’s project. The majority of the material consists of copies of publications related to the scientists’ research and activities, many of which were written or annotated by them, such as reprints of journal articles, draft scientific reports, government publications, and newspaper clippings. Original scientific research records comprise raw data, field notes, memoranda, and draft reports. Includes correspondence regarding the Nechako River court action between DFO, Alcan, and the province and scientific reports that were created in anticipation of the case. Also includes significant material emanating from the British Columbia Utilities Commission Kemano Completion Project Public Review, such as correspondence, BCUC newsletters and news releases, exhibits and evidence submitted to the review panel, documents produced for the hearings, and final reports. In addition, includes records and publications relating to various other groups affected by the Kemano Completion Project or arising because of it, such as the Cheslatta Carrier Nation, the Rivers Defense Coalition, the Nechako Fisheries Conservation Program, the Nechako Watershed Council, the Nechako Environmental Enhancement Fund, and the Nechako River Alliance.
Collection includes approximately 940 slides taken during the construction of the Tumbler Ridge Electric Railway during the early 1980s. Locations include the Anzac siding, the BC Rail Stuart subdivision, the Chetwynd subdivision, the Parsnip River area, Quintette, the Table River area, railway pipeline crossings, and the Wolverine River area, among others.
Collection consists of 1 document on lichens entitled "Common Lichen of the Prince George Area and Their Importance to Caribou," prepared by Susan Stevenson for Northwood Pulp and Timber Limited, British Columbia Fish and Wildlife Branch.
Fonds consists of one copy of a manuscript of Harry Weaver's autobiography and copies of various accompanying records, as well as one black & white copy print photograph depicting the Weaver family.
Collection consists of a selection of academic research papers from Bill Morrison. Consists of academic works written by Morrison (often in collaboration with Ken Coates), papers presented at conferences, and background material that related to his research.
Fonds consists of records to the Nechako Watershed Council. These records were created and/or accumulated by Dr. Richard Krehbiel, who was a Nechako Watershed Council member.