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Exploration, Discovery and Travel
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Hagwilget Bridge Crosses Bulkley River

Photograph depicts bridge built with wooden planks and poles, braced from below, with triangles built into its frame. The bridge crosses Hagwilget Canyon on the Bulkley River, five kilometres from its confluence with the Skeena River. This is one of the many bridge structures that have crossed this location since at least 1859.

Handwritten annotation on recto of photograph: "old bridge at the Bulkley River."

Hagwilget Bridge Crosses Bulkley River

Close view of bridge built with wooden planks, poles, and wires, braced from below, with triangles built into its frame. The bridge crosses Hagwilget Canyon on the Bulkley River, five kilometres from its confluence with the Skeena River. This is one of the many bridge structures that have crossed this location since at least 1859. Photograph was taken from one side of canyon, near bridge. Opposite canyon wall in background. Typed annotation glued to verso of photograph: "HAGWILGET - 'the gentle or quiet people'."

Hagwilget Bridge Crosses Bulkley River

Photograph depicts two men and a horse on a bridge built with wooden planks, poles, and wires, braced from below, with triangles built into its frame. The bridge crosses Hagwilget Canyon on the Bulkley River, five kilometres from its confluence with the Skeena River. This is one of the many bridge structures that have crossed this location since at least 1859. Photograph was taken from a distance. Rocky riverbank in foreground, opposite shore in background behind bridge. Typed annotation in red ink on verso of photograph: "INDIAN BRIDGE, NEAR HAZELTON, B.C."

Bridge Crossing River Canyon

Photograph depicts bridge built with wooden planks and poles, with triangles built into its frame. Water rapids in foreground, opposite shore in background behind bridge. This is speculated to be one of the bridges that crossed the Hagwilget Canyon on the Bulkey River since 1859, five kilometres from its confluence with the Skeena River. See items 2009.5.1.69 - 2009.5.1.71.

Walcott Suspension Bridge on Bulkley River

Handwritten annotation on recto of photograph: "Omineca Dist Walcott Suspension Bridge West Approach - looking East May 26 - 1932". Photograph depicts two white horses pulling a wagon in front of Walcott bridge. This bridge was moved from its original location in the Hagwilget Canyon, downstream from Walcott on the Bulkley River. It is a pedestrian bridge at the time of this photograph, though it was originally used by motor vehicles. Dirt road leading to bridge in foreground, with lumber and brush piles on either side. Trees and hills on opposite shore in background.

Railway Bridge at Hazelton, B.C.

Photograph depicts the Grand Trunk Pacific Railway Bridge crossing the Bulkley River. A smaller bridge speculated to be used by pedestrians stands below and parallel to the railway bridge. Photo was taken from shore, with opposite shore crossing midground. Trees in foreground, mountains in background. A small building can be seen at opposite end of bridge. Other sections of railway can be seen on hill in background. Handwritten annotation on verso of photograph: "HAZELTON BULKLEY BRIDGE."

Grand Trunk Pacific Railway Passenger Train

Handwritten annotation on verso of photograph: "G.T.P. 1st Passenger Train From Prince Rupert. Mile 45. June. 14th 1911. Copyright. F. Button. PHOTO. Pr. Rupert. No. 240." Photograph depicts three men (two sitting on chairs) on caboose of train. Power poles run parallel to tracks, which curve to the right of the image. Train tracks in foreground, forest and mountain in background.

Jean Caux's Pack Train

Photograph consists of Jean Caux and several men loading supplies onto a horse and mule pack train. Large building in background. Annotation along bottom recto of photograph reads: "Jean Caux's Pack Train, loading at Harvey Baileys for Babine Lake - 1897." Handwritten annotations on recto of photograph: "CATALINE 1897" "Born in 1856 in Mexico on Spanish border. Died at Hazelton 1922 burried in old cemetery."

Jean Caux's Pack Train Leaving Ashcroft, B.C.

Photograph depicts men loading a line of approximately twenty mules facing large building in background with the sign: "[WBBAILEY?] ANDCO'S OFFICE." A second sign is posted on deck of building: "ALWAYS CURES! CHAMBERLAIN'S COUGH REMEDY." More men wearing suits watch from deck. Small building in hillside can be seen in background. Annotation along bottom recto of photograph reads: "Last Pack Train leaving Ashcroft for Hazelton -1909." Handwritten annotation on recto of photograph: "CATALINE 1909".

Railway Ticket to Vancouver in Violet Taylor's Name

Typed on verso of ticket: "CANADIAN NATIONAL RAILWAYS WESTERN REGION" "EMPLOYES TRIP PASS - FIRST CLASS" "SUBJECT TO CONDITIONS ON BACK" "PASS (1) Miss V. B. Taylor, ACCOUNT Stenographer -- C.N.R. TO Vancouver, B.C. FROM Prince Rupert, B.C. via Jasper, Alta." "DATE ISSUED} June 14th/27. EXPIRES END OF} July. 1927" "ADDRESS Prince Rupert. REQD BY V.B.T." "HONORED ON TRAIN NO. [6]". Verso has been signed by the conductor (illegible) and dated "Jun 18".

Typed on recto of ticket: "PASS ONE WAY ONLY TW IN ACCORDANCE WITH ACCOMPANYING PASS, BUT IN OPPOSITE DIRECTION" "VOID IF DETACHED" "143518". Stamped annotation on recto: "[ISSUED BY] W. H. TOBEY". Handwritten annotation on recto: "OFF SNOWSHOED NO 5 JULY 13 [WM?]". Ticket has been punched with four different shapes.

Coulee Dam

Photograph depicts large bridge and dam over a wide river, industrial structures throughout. Hills on opposite shore in background. Handwritten annotation on recto of photograph: "Coulee Dam, This is were[sic] I went this fall. Wished you had of been with me."

Model T Belonging to A.K. Bourchier

Photograph depicts car parked in dirt yard. House stands in background on right, surrounded by miscellaneous items. White tent stands in left background. Water and shore visible in distance. House believed to belong to the Bourchier's niece Jean (see items 2009.5.3.120 & 2009.5.3.122).

Dogsled Team

Photograph depicts a team of dogs pulling a sled and an unidentified person across a very flat area under heavy clouds. Mountains in background. Handwritten annotations on verso of photograph: "Unbroken Trails", "Taylor". Photograph speculated to have been taken near Atlin, B.C.

Mary Henry Publications

File consists of the following articles: “Collecting Plants Beyond the Frontier in Northern British Columbia”, 1932 Expedition, parts I, VI-VIII ; “Collecting Plants Beyond the Frontier in Northern British Columbia”, 1931 Expedition, parts I-IV ; “Exploring and Plant Collecting in Northern British Columbia” (1933); “A Thousand Miles Exploring on Horseback in Northern British Columbia” (1935) ; and Peace River Block (M.1 Explorations, No. 9 & 10) .

Articles and Papers Written About Knox McCusker

File consists of the following items: “Mac” by D.L. Surveyor ; “Knox (Mac) McCusker: Dominion Land Surveyor” by E.L. Rutherford, V.C. Brink, R.S. Silver and M.Z. (Smokey) Neighbour ; Excerpts from Men and Meridians by Don W. Thomson ; Article re: Knox McCusker written on the occasion of his death (April 14, 1955); “McKusker (sic) to open up Blueberry Mountain Area” (Alaska Highway News, June 8, 1950) ; “McCusker was surveyor, big game guide….also rancher and trail blazer” ; “Knox Freeman McCusker” written on the occasion of his death (The Canadian Surveyor, July 1955) ; “Veteran Surveyor – Alaska Highway Stories” ; Memories of Knox McCusker by his oldest niece Betty (McCusker) Rutherford; “Veteran Surveyor prefers horses for long bush treks” by Eric Young (Edmonton Journal); Eulogy for Knox McCusker read by Stanley D. Seif at Burch Presbyterian Church in Fort St. John, B.C. ; Eulogy for Gwendolyn Dorothy McCusker (July 1997) ; “Tropical Valley No Myth: amazing story of woman who lived there” by Thomas A. Wayling (Vancouver Sun) ; Photocopy of section of map: “Topographical sketch map showing route traversed by the Bedaux Sub-Arctic Expedition 1934 through the Rocky Mountains” (by Frank Swannell, March 27, 1935) ; Memories of Knox McCusker by Bill McCusker, his oldes nephew ; “There is always a reason; destiny made it a date. The corridor of the Alcan didn’t just happen” (Fort St. John publication) ; Article on Knox McCusker (ALS News, Winter 1983).

Research Materials Pertaining to the Life of Knox McCusker

File consists of the following materials: Letter to Vernon C. Brink from the National Archives of Canada re Knox McCusker holdings (March 1, 1999) ; Photocopy of article: “Living Landscapes: Exploring the wilds of northeaster BC” by Ross Peck and Brian Apland ; Some materials for an article on Knox McCusker, D.L.S. ; Material about the life of Knox Freeman McCusker ; Letter to Mrs. Rutherford from Chris Anderson (Chris Anderson Associates) (Oct. 5, 1999) re: access to interview of Knox McCusker by Frank Willis ; Accession Information print-out re: interview of Knox McCusker by Frank Willis in 1954 ; National Archives of Canada accession information print-out re: Dominion Land Surveyor Diaries, 1881-1930 ; Mary Henry / Knox McCusker “Team” (April 19, 1998) ; Letter to Mrs. Rutherford from George Ungar re: background information on Knox McCusker.

Articles and Speeches Written by Knox Freemen McCusker

File consists of the following articles and speeches written by Knox McCusker: “Reminiscences of Knox McCusker” (63 typewritten pages) ; “Back and Beyond the Peace” by K.McCusker (taken from the Toronto Star Weekly Saturday May 5, 1928) – retyped ; “The Alaska Highway” by Knox F. McCusker, D.L.S. (The Canadian Surveyor, July 1943)-photocopy ; Mr. McCusker’s Speech (5 pages) ; “Tropical Valleys of B.C.” (4 pages) ; “The president has called me an old old surveyor…” speech written by K. McCusker ; “In the early days of my career in the Surveying profession…” written by K. McCusker.

Group photo of five men

Photograph is a group photo of five men standing around a tent in a wintery wooded landscape; Knox McCusker stands first man from the right, with hands in pockets. Caption on verso reads: “Youthful K.F.McC. on the right. Probably Northern Ontario or Manitoba”.

Gwen and Knox McCusker

Photograph depicts Gwen and Knox McCusker standing outside, side by side. Caption on verso reads: “Knox & Gwen McCusker, late ‘40’s or early ‘50’s”.

Knox McCusker portrait

Formal portrait of Knox McCusker wearing a suit and tie and seated against a studio backdrop. Photograph believed to be taken by Pittaway – Jarvis Ltd., in Ottawa Canada, as photographer's name and location is printed into the surrounding matteboard.

Knox McCusker Collection

  • 2008.27
  • Collection
  • [ca. 1930 - 1997]

The Knox McCusker Collection consists primarily of photocopies of publications written by Mary Henry (1931-1935); annual reports; articles and papers written about Knox McCusker (1935-1997) as well as research materials pertaining to his life; articles and speeched written by Knox McCusker and general correspondence regarding surveying. Aside from these photocopies are some original records; namely: original correspondence between McCusker and G.G. Aitken (1934-1938); photographs (ca. 1930-1950); McCuskers 1909 certificate enabling him to be an Articled Pupil with the Dominion Land Surveyors; and an interview with McCusker conducted by J. Frank Willis (CBC, 1954).

McCusker, Knox

Hugh Taylor & Pack Train

Photograph depicts Hugh Taylor (facing camera) and other unidentified men packing horses and mules in cleared area, trees on hill in background. Animals are gathered around a pile of supplies, and it is believed that a power line crosses the midground. Handwritten annotation on envelope of negative: "Pack train on Blackwater 1902."

Taped conversation with Julian Fry [transcript]

Julian Fry reminisces on his early life and acquaintances in Prince George during his work along the Blackwater Road in the early 1920's. Some notable references include: Blackwater Road, C.F.S. Baldy Hughes, Bill Comstock, Tom Cornell, Duncan MacKenzie, Ernest Levesque, [?] Hathaway, [?] Nelson, Ed and Julia Erickson, Blackwater Telegraph Station, Everett Vandenburg, and [?] Mackenzie.

Road sign

Item is a photograph of a road sign in North Dakota stating the distance to Ray and Williston.

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