Collection 2014.10 - Arthur Holland Land Surveying Collection

Crops at Fraser Lake Hudson Bay buildings at Fraser Lake On the trail from Quesnel to Fort George Crops at Fraser Lake Ferry across Nechako River at Fraser Lake Cleaning grain at Fraser Lake Pack train at Hudson Bay Company, Fraser Lake Thrashing grain at Fraser Lake Ready to saddle Packing horses Unloading at Hudson Bay Company Winter trail crossing at Fort George Canyon Winter freighting at Fort George Part of the Grand Canyon of the Fraser River Grand Trunk Pacific survey supplies being freighted through the Grand Canyon of the Fraser River Grand Trunk Pacific survey supplies being freighted through the Grand Canyon of the Fraser River Grand Trunk Pacific survey supplies being freighted through the Grand Canyon of the Fraser River Clearwater River Clearwater River Fraser River near Grand Canyon Ashcroft from across Thompson River Looking into Bonaparte River from a stagecoach Freighter on the Cariboo Road Stagecoach near Hat Creek Between Ashcroft and Hat Creek Stagecoach at Clinton Cariboo Road near Clinton, BC Cariboo Road near Clinton, BC Passing freight loads on Cariboo Road Stagecoaches crossing the Cariboo Road Chasm at 61 Mile on the Cariboo Road Passing freighters near 83 Mile on the Cariboo Road 83 Mile on the Cariboo Road Construction at Soda Creek Soda Creek from the hill Old Fort Alexandrea Awaiting steamboat at Quesnel Quesnel from Steamer "Charlotte" Quesnel from Steamer "Charlotte" Main Street, Quesnel Cottonwood Canyon Cottonwood Canyon Cottonwood Canyon Cottonwood Canyon Approaching Cottonwood Canyon Approaching Cottonwood Canyon Fort George Canyon Fort George Canyon Fort George Canyon Fort George Canyon
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Title and statement of responsibility area

Title proper

Arthur Holland Land Surveying Collection

General material designation

  • Graphic material

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Level of description

Collection

Reference code

2014.10

Edition area

Edition statement

Edition statement of responsibility

Class of material specific details area

Statement of scale (cartographic)

Statement of projection (cartographic)

Statement of coordinates (cartographic)

Statement of scale (architectural)

Issuing jurisdiction and denomination (philatelic)

Dates of creation area

Date(s)

  • 1907-1920 (Creation)
    Creator
    Holland, Arthur H.

Physical description area

Physical description

1 album (475 photographs)

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Archival description area

Name of creator

(August 6, 1875 - September 21, 1954)

Biographical history

Arthur Hagarty Holland was born in Coburg, Ontario, on August 6, 1875. His father was Henry F. Holland, a Solicitor, and his mother was Selvia E. Holland (nee Fraser) and he attended public school, collegiate, and Victoria College in Coburg. In 1892, he went to Bridgeport Connecticut, where he apprenticed in Electrical Engineering. He returned home in 1895 and the following year he moved west to work as rodman with the Canadian Pacific Railway survey in British Columbia. By 1900, he was in Vancouver working as a chainman and in 1904 he entered into articles with Noel Humphrys, BCLS, CE, and became British Columbia Land Surveyor #14 in 1907.

From 1909 to 1911 Holland mainly surveyed for a land company associated with the Grand Trunk Railway. In the fall of 1910 he surveyed in an area northeast of Prince George but the exact location and why he was there are unknown; but there are some interesting photographs from there. In 1911, he surveyed in and around Fort Fraser and in 1912 he was in the Cariboo. He took several photos this latter year but unfortunately they are small and many are unlabeled. In 1914 and 1915 Holland surveyed east of Prince George and there are some newspaper articles about his work there. Historian Jay Sherwood said: “The 1913 photos and survey are definitely the highlight of Holland's early career and would make a great re-photography project.”

In February 1916, Holland went overseas and served with the Royal Canadian Engineers and later with the Railway Troops, gaining a commission as Lieutenant. After returning from overseas in 1919, he resumed his survey work for the Provincial Government until 1922 in the Prince George area and later in the Similkameen area. In his 1919 report to the Surveyor General, he reported on the excellent forage crops on the Stuart River with one exception to one pre-emption wherein he said: “… whose only production came from an illicit still.”

He suffered from a stroke in 1947 and retired from private practice. He never did recover from the stroke and eventually died in his 80th year on September 21, 1954.

Scope and content

Collection consists of a photograph album from A. H. Holland, a British Columbia Land Surveyor, that was created while working in the Central Interior, the Cariboo, the Chilcotin and southeast British Columbia. This album visually documents steamboat, stagecoach and horse travel in British Columbia and also captures the prepatory work and dawn of the age of rail travel.

Notes area

Arrangement

Original order maintained.

Language of material

  • English

Script of material

Location of originals

Availability of other formats

Restrictions on access

No restrictions.

Terms governing use, reproduction, and publication

Personal or academic use of materials is welcomed under the standard fair use and educational use clauses of Canadian Copyright Law. Commercial use is, however, forbidden without the express permission of the copyright holder. For information on obtaining written permission from the copyright holder, please contact the Northern B.C. Archives and Special Collections.

Finding aids

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General note

Finding aid creation for this collection was made possible through the efforts and financial support of private individuals and organizations including: Jay Sherwood; The Historical and Biographical Committee of the Association of British Columbia Land Surveyors; Northern Regional Group of British Columbia Land Surveyors; Underhill Geomatics Ltd., in Memory of Ivan Royan, BCLS; British Columbia Land Title & Survey Authority; Robert Allen, BCLS (Life Member), CLS (ret.);
Chapman Land Surveying Ltd.; Association of British Columbia Land Surveyors Lower Mainland OIP Group; McElhanney Consulting Services Ltd., Kitimat; McElhanney Consulting Services Ltd., Prince George; Scott Pengelly, BCLS; Vector Geomatics Land Surveying Ltd.; Sandra Wards, BCLS, CLS, Peng; Strait Land Surveying Inc.; Steven E. Wong Land Surveying Inc.

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